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A Middle Bronze Age Enclosure and Other Prehistoric to Early Medieval Activity at Nerrols Farm, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Somerset

Davies, Alex and Webley, Leo and Broderick, Lee and Cotter, John and Donnelly, Mike and Dungworth, David and Dunne, Julie and Evershed, Richard P. and Gillard, Toby and Meen, Julia and Poole, Cynthia and Scott, Ian and Shaffrey, Ruth and Rousseaux, Charles and Gane, Lucy A Middle Bronze Age Enclosure and Other Prehistoric to Early Medieval Activity at Nerrols Farm, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Somerset. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Excavations at Nerrols Farm, Cheddon Fitzpaine (ST 2415 2680), uncovered a middle Bronze Age enclosure measuring 44m by 38.5m. The enclosure had two phases and contained a roundhouse defined by a curving ditch surrounding pits and postholes. The associated pottery belongs to the Trevisker‐related series primarily found in Somerset. Seven pits within the roundhouse and elsewhere within the enclosure were found to contain snugly fitting pottery vessels. No cremated remains were discovered, and these were probably used as sunken storage vessels. A programme of lipid analysis on the pottery demonstrates that dairying was an important element of the site economy. Another significant find was a fragment of a clay mould used for casting a bladed implement, possibly a rapier. A sequence of radiocarbon dates was taken through the enclosure ditch, demonstrating that it dated to the 14th century cal BC. Other discoveries include a group of early Neolithic pits; an early Bronze Age ring ditch; two middle Iron Age roundhouses; and two early medieval pits, one containing an iron knife and the other producing a radiocarbon date in the 7th–8th century cal AD.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Somerset
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Early Bronze Age 2500 - 1500 BC
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC > Early Neolithic 4000 - 3000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Middle Bronze Age 1600 - 1,000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
ID Code:5934
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:16 Feb 2021 13:49
Last Modified:16 Feb 2021 13:49

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