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Excavations at the Devil's Quoits Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire 1972-3 and 1988 Thames Valley Landscapes: the Windrush Valley, Volume 3 Oxford Archaeological

Barclay, Alistair and Gray, Margaret and Lambrick, George and Boyle, Angela and Brown, Andrew and Evans, Mary and Gledhill, Alison and Hazell, Mark and Levitan, Bruce and Limbrey, Susan and Taylor, John and Whiteman, A R and Chew, Simon and Jovanovic, Paul and Nichols, Karen and Healey, Frances (1995) Excavations at the Devil's Quoits Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire 1972-3 and 1988 Thames Valley Landscapes: the Windrush Valley, Volume 3 Oxford Archaeological. Project Report. Oxford Archaeological Unit, Oxford.

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Cover.pdf

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Title page frontispiece and colophon.pdf

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Contents, Figures, Plates & Tables.pdf

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Summary & Acknowledgements.pdf

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Location of archive & Radiocarbon Determinations.pdf

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Chapter 1 Introduction.pdf

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Chapter 2 The Excavations of 1972-3 and 1988.pdf

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Chapter 3 The Finds.pdf

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Chapter 4 The Affinities and Design of the Monument.pdf

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Chapter 5 A Review of Neolithic and bronze Age Sites in the Devils Quoits Area.pdf

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Chapter 6 The Ceremonial Complex in its Local and National Context.pdf

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Postscript The Devils Quoits.pdf

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Appendix 1 The Labour Involved in Constructing the Monument.pdf

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Appendix 2 Stanton Harcourt Aerodrome in World War II.pdf

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Bibliography.pdf

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Index.pdf

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Abstract

This report describes three seasons of excavation conducted in advance of gravel extraction in 1972,1973 and 1988 on the Devil's Quoits circle-henge monument near Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire. Evidence has been recovered for the total plan, including the extent of the ditches and the positions of the standing stones, while the probable area and character of the external bank are known from the excavations of W F Grimes in 1940. Sections were cut through the ditch to establish its stratigraphy in 1972 and 1973. In 1988 a further study was made of the interior, including stoneholes which had been inaccessible in the earlier excavations. Finds contemporary with the use of the monument include struck flint and animal bone but very little pottery. Iron Age, Roman and medieval material was recovered from later deposits. The sediments and soils in the henge ditch are analysed. The character and the interpretation of the monument, including its possible manner of construction are discussed, as is the available environmental evidence. The destruction of the stone circle, the erosion of the bank and the silting of the henge ditch are described. The monument is placed in its immediate setting by the inclusion of a gazetteer and review of local pre-Iron Age sites. The importance of this monument as a ceremonial complex within the Upper Thames Region as well as nationally, and proposals for its preservation and partial reconstruction as a cultural amenity are also discussed.

Item Type:Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5885
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:26 Nov 2020 10:14
Last Modified:26 Nov 2020 10:14

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