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A Later Iron Age Enclosure, Early Roman Pottery Production and Later Roman Agriculture at Longford, Gloucestershire. Archaeological Excavation Report

Allen, Martyn A Later Iron Age Enclosure, Early Roman Pottery Production and Later Roman Agriculture at Longford, Gloucestershire. Archaeological Excavation Report. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Between March 2014 and May 2015, Oxford Archaeology undertook an archaeological excavation at Longford, Gloucestershire, on a housing-development site. The excavated area extended over c. 8.5ha and revealed features dating from early prehistory to the medieval period. Several prehistoric pits and postholes produced evidence for the possible curation of Neolithic pottery and its deposition alongside vessels of early Bronze Age date. No activity was found dating from the later Bronze and through much of the Iron Age until the establishment of a distinctive multiditched enclosure probably during the 2nd century BC. The enclosure was maintained until the Roman conquest, soon after which it was modified and used for pottery production. Three pottery kilns characterised this industrial phase when the site was making and supplying products for consumption in nearby Gloucester. Pottery production continued until the early 2nd century AD when the settlement expanded northward and became more focussed on agriculture. Continual developments took place through the later 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, and it was during this period that increasing signs of domestic activity was observed farther to the north, possibly representing the development of a new settlement in this area. Funerary activity, including both inhumation and cremation burials ranging variously in date from the Bronze Age to the later Roman period, was noted in several areas within the site. Fourth-century activity was largely absent, and it seems likely that the settlement was abandoned around this time, after which the site was predominantly used for arable cultivation through the medieval period.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Gloucestershire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5851
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:22 Oct 2020 15:21
Last Modified:22 Oct 2020 15:22

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