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Lutterworth Road, Lutterworth, Leicestershire Archaeological Excavation Report

Champness, Carl Lutterworth Road, Lutterworth, Leicestershire Archaeological Excavation Report. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Oxford Archaeology (OA) was commissioned by CgMs Consulting to undertake an archaeological excavation across a medieval mill leat on land to the north of Lutterworth Road, Lutterworth, Leicestershire. The mill race relates to St John’s Hospital that is recorded to the west of the site. The Hospital is believed to have been founded pre-1218 and dissolved post-1577. Two watermills known as Spittle Mills and a wind mill and a malt mills are believed to be associated with the Hospital. We know the Spittle Mills was operating in 1631, and appears to have survived on the site until relatively recent times. The mill leat was first mentioned in the mid-16th century, and the existing parish boundary follows its course as identified from historical mapping. It is possible that the parish boundaries were laid down at Domesday when the land in that area was divided between Lutterworth to the west and Misterton to the east. The excavation did not reveal any features or fills that could be dated to the medieval period. The excavation was, however, successful in identifying the later phases of the mill race from the 18th or 20th centuries onwards to the end of its working life and final infilling phase. The lack of well dated environmental remains from the medieval period means it was not possible to indicate the environmental setting of the mill or its races. The later postmedieval fills from the leat would indicate flowing water conditions with muddy substrata were maintained within an open predominantly tree-less agricultural landscape. The few charred cereal grains that were recovered from the leat were likely windblown and only hint at agricultural production within the wider area. The route of the medieval mill race is still undetermined and no evidence was revealed during the excavations. It is possible that the later recutting of the leat has removed all evidence of this or that the medieval route followed a different, perhaps shorter path. It is also possible due to shifting river patterns that the mill was originally located on or closer to the river. A longer mill run may have been required in the post-medieval period due to shifting river systems.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Leicestershire
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:5818
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:03 Sep 2020 13:41
Last Modified:03 Sep 2020 13:41

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