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Richmond Education and Enterprise Campus Development, Egerton Road, Twickenham

Evans, Gary Richmond Education and Enterprise Campus Development, Egerton Road, Twickenham. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This report presents the results of archaeological trenching evaluation carried out by Oxford Archaeology during development works at the proposed Richmond Education and Enterprise Campus Development, Egerton Road, Twickenham, in the London Borough of Richmond Upon Thames TW2. The work involved the machine excavation of seven trenches excavated within the college's northern playing field. These trenches measured 30m x 1.6m and were excavated to a depth of up to 0.9m below present ground level. The evaluation took place from the 3rd-6thApril 2017. The earliest deposits observed were coarse yellow and orange clayey sands and gravels, which were seen at the base of sondages in Trenches 2, 3, 4 and 6. These natural geological deposits, which were part of the Kempton Park Gravels formation, were covered by a 0.4m thick deposit of brownish yellow fine sandy clay, probably of late Pleistocene or early Holocene alluvial origin. In Trench 3, this deposit was cut by two ditches, one of which contained a large fragment of a late 17th-early 18th century wine bottle. In Trench 5 an undated shallow ditch or gully was also observed cutting into the sandy clay. A series of criss-crossing shallow cuts were recorded in Trenches 1, 2, 3, 6 and 7. The fills of these were all similar, and all contained fragments of red and yellow brick, roof slate, coal and an assortment of pottery and glass ranging in date from the 17th -19th centuries. These features probably belong to a drainage system for the orchards which historical mapping show covered the site in the 19th and first half of the 20th century. The criss-crossing shallow cuts were overlain by a made ground deposit, which appeared to represent levelling up for the playing field. This was covered with the topsoil and turf of the playing field.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Greater London
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:5760
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:29 Apr 2020 15:41
Last Modified:29 Apr 2020 15:41

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