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Rectory Farm, Bottesford, Leicestershire Archaeological Evaluation Report

Daniel, Rachael Rectory Farm, Bottesford, Leicestershire Archaeological Evaluation Report. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

In September 2018, Oxford Archaeology were commissioned by CgMs Heritage (part of the RPS Group) to undertake an archaeological evaluation of a proposed 13.35ha housing development to the north of Bottesford, Leicestershire (centred at SK 8030 3940). A programme of 30 trenches (later reduced to 28) was undertaken across the site, to ground-truth a previous phase of geophysical survey and target specific areas of archaeological potential. The evaluation confirmed the presence of significant Iron Age and Roman settlement activity. Alluvial deposits appear to have aided the preservation of the archaeology in some areas. Excavation identified two main foci of late Iron Age and late Roman activity in the western part of the site (Areas 1 and 2), two areas of possible Roman enclosures and field systems in the south-central part of the site (Areas 2 and 3), and an area of late medieval/post-medieval activity to the east (Area 6). These were supported by the results of the geophysical survey. A significant concentration of mid–late Roman pottery and animal bones was recovered from the site. These were consistent with a moderate status settlement, but with some evidence of continental-style dining practices. Other notable finds included four Roman coins, a bone needle holder, worked bone, a hobnail, Roman tile and a quern stone. The recovery of charred cereal grains indicated a typical crop regime for the area, with weed seeds consistent with the spread of cultivation onto heavier clay soils. Cattle, sheep/goat and pig bones were recovered, while the presence of wildfowl specimens, including plover and snipe, highlight the exploitation of local wetlands. The archaeology was deeply buried in places and well-preserved from having been sealed by up to 1m of alluvium. Evidence of possible rural ‘dark-earth’ deposits were also identified across areas of settlement indicating a phase of possible abandonment during the early–middle Saxon period.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Leicestershire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5707
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:26 Feb 2020 08:57
Last Modified:26 Feb 2020 08:57

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