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Malyons Farm, Hullbridge, Essex: PXA and UPD

Cox, Nicholas (2020) Malyons Farm, Hullbridge, Essex: PXA and UPD. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Between 16th April and 18th July 2019 Oxford Archaeology East carried out an archaeological excavation on land around Malyons Farm, Hullbridge, Essex (TQ 807 946, Fig. 1). A total of 4.8ha in three separate areas (A-C) was machine stripped to investigate areas of interest identified in the earlier evaluation phase. Early land-use was evident from residual Early Bronze Age pottery in a small number of Early Iron Age features in Area B, while a single large pit of Late Bronze Age date was located in Area A. The northernmost part of the site (Area B) revealed an area of unenclosed Early Iron Age settlement, including a trackway and at least six post-built structures. Other features included scattered pits and post holes and a large waterhole. The finds assemblage included pottery from the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age, along with animal bone, calcined bone, possible briquetage fragments (associated with salt making) and fired clay weights of both Bronze Age and Iron Age date. Preserved wood and environmental remains (which unusually included a box seed) were recovered from the lower fills of the waterhole. In Area A, several Romano-British enclosure ditches and numerous extraction pits were identified. Finds from these features included pottery – mostly Romano-British with a smaller component of Late Iron Age – along with animal bone and oyster shell. Also in Area A were two small unurned Romano-British cremations, each containing less than 500g of calcined bone. Close to the eastern edge of investigation, in Area C, was a single north to south aligned medieval ditch, originally identified in the evaluation. Moderate quantities of medieval pottery were recovered from the ditch and the overlying subsoil. Several post-medieval to modern field boundary ditches aligned with the extant field system cut across the Iron Age settlement in Area B. Small quantities of residual Neolithic flints and prehistoric burnt stone were also recovered from later features.

Item Type:Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords:Essex, essex, Hullbridge, hullbridge, excavation, Excavation, archaeological excavation, Bronze Age, bronze age, Early Bronze Age, early bronze age, Late Bronze Age, late bronze age, Iron Age, iron age, Early Iron Age, Roman, roman, Medieval, medieval, Post-Medieval, post-medieval, Post Medieval, post medieval, pottery, Pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Early Bronze Age pottery, early bronze age pottery, Late Bronze Age pottery, late bronze age pottery, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Early Iron Age pottery, Roman pottery, roman pottery, Medieval pottery, medieval pottery, Post-Medieval pottery, post-medieval pottery, Post Medieval pottery, post medieval pottery, trackway, track way, structure, post-built, post built, post-built structure, post built structure, pit, pits, post hole, post holes, posthole, postholes, watering hole, settlement, briquetage, salt making, saltmaking, bone, bones, animal bone, animal bones, animal remains, calcined bone, wood, preserved wood, enclosure, enclosure ditch, enclosure ditches, ditch, ditches, extraction, extraction pit, extraction pits, extractive pit, extractive pits, shell, oyster, oyster shell, crem, cremation, unurned, unurned cremation, HSR, hsr, human remains, Human Remains, field boundary, field boundary ditch, field boundary ditches, boundary, boundaries, boundary ditch, boundary ditches, field system, agriculture, Neolithic, neolithic, flint, flints, worked flint, worked flints, lithic, lithics, lithic implement, lithic implements, residual, residual flint, burnt flint, 2361, report 2361, Report 2361, OAE report 2361
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Essex
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Early Bronze Age 2500 - 1500 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Early Iron Age 800 - 400 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Late Bronze Age 1000 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
ID Code:5700
Deposited By: Hamilton
Deposited On:14 Feb 2020 13:07
Last Modified:14 Feb 2020 13:07

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