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Malthouse Bungalow, East Hanney, Oxfordshire

Murray, Paul Malthouse Bungalow, East Hanney, Oxfordshire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Oxford Archaeology (OA) was commissioned by BHP Harwood Architects on behalf of Mr. and Mrs. P Carter to undertake an archaeological evaluation in advance of a proposed residential development (Planning Application P16/V1652/FUL) at land to the rear of Malthouse Bungalow, East Hanney (NGR SU41849291). The evaluation was carried out between the 30th January and the 1st February 2017. Three parallel shallow linear features were identified in Trenches 4 and 5, aligned east-west. Although undated, their spacing and alignment suggest that they relate to the system of ridge and furrow illustrated on Rocque’s map of Berkshire of 1761. The gullies themselves are however too narrow and deep to represent furrows themselves, but were perhaps drainage trenches dug along the furrows. There are further similar gullies in Trenches 1 and 3 on different alignments, however, so they may instead belong to a system of drainage for small enclosures following the enclosure of the open field at the start of the 19th century. Another possibility is that the ditch and gullies were dug for drainage of the land prior to the planting of an orchard in the 19th century, as illustrated on the Ordnance Survey maps dated 1875 and 1883. The evaluation also identified a large feature, either a large pit or a substantial boundary ditch, close to the south-eastern boundary of the development. A boundary is shown in the appropriate position on the First edition Ordinance Survey maps dated 1875 and 1883, but is not marked on Rocque’s map of Berkshire, dated 1761, or on the Inclosure map of 1803, suggesting that the boundary was only established in the 19th century. It had been replaced by the current boundary by 1913, when the Second Edition Ordinance Survey map was issued. A sequence of shallow pits was identified in Trench 4, which were dated to the 18th or 19th century. A further ditch was identified in Trench 3. Although undated its character was strongly suggestive of a modern date. The archaeological remains can be considered to be of low significance.

Item Type:Client Report
Subjects:Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
ID Code:4610
Deposited By: Scott
Deposited On:25 Jan 2019 09:13
Last Modified:25 Jan 2019 09:13

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